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Organized Crime, 11th Edition
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1. According to Abadinsky, which variable best distinguishes organized crime from conventional crime?
d. persistent use of violence
2. According to this book’s definition of organized crime, which of the following is NOT a major characteristic used to define organized crime?
a. has political goals
c. governed by explicit rules and regulations
3. According to Abadinsky, which of the following motivates traditional organized crime groups?
a. social doctrine
b. political beliefs
c. ideological concerns
d. economic gain
4. An organized crime group has a vertical power structure with at least three permanent ranks. This statement describes which major attribute of organized crime?
a. the ideological attribute
b. the hierarchical attribute
c. governed by explicit rules and regulations attribute
d. the monopolistic attribute
5. An organized crime group dislikes competition. This statement best describes which attribute of organized crime?
a. the violence attribute
b. the organizational attribute
c. the kinship attribute
d. the monopolistic attribute
6. According to the text, in a bureaucracy, positions are assigned on what basis?
c. education level attained
d. resource availability
7. All bureaucracies are ____________ organizations sharing a number of attributes (e.g., a hierarchy, division of labor, extensive written rules and regulations).
d. geographically restricted
8. For an organized crime group, bureaucratic structure has some deficiencies. Which of the following is an example of such a deficiency?
b. organizing street level members into cells
c. allowing street members to know only the members of their cell
d. responsibilities carried out in an impersonal manner
9. Which of the following is NOT a feature of bureaucracies?
a. a complicated hierarchy
b. extensive division of labor
c. equality of membership
d. extensive written rules and regulations
10. Which of the following is NOT considered to one of the three major bureaucratic levels of an organized crime group?
d. Central command
11. Franchising provides a form of _____________ by reputation, encouraging networking that facilitates cooperation between criminals that might not otherwise occur.
12. With respect to organized crime, a franchise essentially provides:
a. a sense of entitlement and credentials.
b. a rank assignment within the organization.
c. a guaranteed return on investment.
d. a sense of safety and security.
13. Some criminal organizations use ___________ to confirm membership, such as the death head emblem of the Hell’s Angels.
a. membership cards
c. criminal birth certificates
14. Credentialing by reputation:
a. encourages networking.
b. facilitates cooperation between criminals.
c. promotes business relationships.
d. encourages networking, facilitates cooperation between criminals, and promotes business relationships.
15. Which of the following is said to serve to promote business relationships between criminals who do not enjoy a history of interaction?
d. joint venturing